Haicai, uma analise da producao em lingua portuguesa: Tema, forma et contuedo.
Haiku, Portuguese--history and criticism
Haiku, Japanese--history and criticism
Abstract: This article traces a historical timeline of haiku in Japan, the evolution of tanka to haiku, focusing on its features and emphasizing the biography of Basho, the most representative poet of the genre. At the same time, it relates how the little poem became known in the occidental countries and was introduced in Latin America and Brazil by poets like Juan Tablada and Afranio Peixoto. The thesis contains also a panorama of the production of these poems in Brazilian Portuguese, pointing to expressive poets Guilherme de Almeida, Paulo Leminski and Millor Fernandez. It further discusses the arrival of haiku in Brazil through immigration from Japan, emphasizing the role of poet Nenpuku Sato in keeping haiku alive among Japanese people living here. It contains a quantitative analysis regarding the form and content of haiku extracted from collections that included more than a hundred haiku writers, and, finally, this work looks at haiku qualitatively in order to draw a profile of these small poems, highlighting their main characteristic, sincerity.
Machado, Daniel dos Santos
Universidade de Brasilia
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